In the Babemba tribe of South Africa, when a person acts irre­spon­sibly or unjustly, he is placed in the center of the village, alone and unfet­tered. All work ceases, and every man, woman and child in the village gathers in a large circle around the accused. Then each person in the tribe, regard­less of age, begins to talk out loud to the accused, one at a time, about all the good things he has done in his life­time. Every inci­dent that can be recalled with any detail and accu­racy is recounted. All his posi­tive attrib­utes, good deeds, strengths and kind­ness are recited care­fully and at length. The tribal cere­mony does not cease until everyone is drained of every posi­tive comment s/he can muster about the person in ques­tion. At the end, the tribal circle is broken, a joyous cele­bra­tion takes place, and the person symbol­i­cally and liter­ally is welcomed back into the tribe.” — Walker, Alice. (2001). Sent by earth: A message from the grand­mother spirit after the bombing of the World Trade Center and the Pentagon. New York: Seven Stories Press.