From Scien­tific Amer­ican: Fraud, decep­tion and lies in research reveal how science is (mostly) self-correcting. In his 1974 commence­ment speech at the Cali­fornia Insti­tute of Tech­nology, Nobel laureate physi­cist Richard P. Feynman artic­u­lated the foun­da­tion of scien­tific integrity: “The first prin­ciple is that you must not fool your­self — and you are the easiest person to fool.… After you’ve not fooled your­self, it’s easy not to fool other scien­tists. You just have to be honest in a conven­tional way after that.” · Go to When scien­tists sin by Michael Shermer →